# Resources

## Books

Leinwand, S., & Milou, E. (2021). *Invigorating high school math: Practical guidance for long-overdue transformation*. Heinemann. https://www.heinemann.com/products/e13416.aspx

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. (2018). *Catalyzing change in high school mathematics: Initiating critical conversations*. National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.

Steele, M. D., & Huhn, C. (2018). *A quiet revolution: One district’s story of radical curricular change in high school mathematics*. Information Age Publishing. https://www.infoagepub.com/products/A-Quiet-Revolution

## Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Allensworth, E., Nomi, T., Montgomery, N., & Lee, V. E. (2009). College preparatory curriculum for all: Academic consequences of requiring algebra and English I for ninth graders in Chicago. *Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 31*(4), 367–391. https://doi.org/10.3102/0162373709343471

Chávez, Ó., Tarr, J. E., Grouws, D. A., & Soria, V. M. (2015). Third-year high school mathematics curriculum: Effects of content organization and curriculum implementation. *International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 13*(1), 97–120. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10763-013-9443-7

Grouws, D. A., Tarr, J. E., Chávez, Ó., Sears, R., Soria, V. M., & Taylan, R. D. (2013). Curriculum and implementation effects on high school students’ mathematics learning from curricula representing subject-specific and integrated content organizations. *Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 44*(2), 416–463. https://doi.org/10.5951/jresematheduc.44.2.0416

Jansen, A., Herbel-Eisenmann, B., & Smith III, J. P. (2012). Detecting students’ experiences of discontinuities between middle school and high school mathematics programs: Learning during boundary crossing. *Mathematical Thinking and Learning, 14*(4), 285–309. https://doi.org/10.1080/10986065.2012.717379

Krupa, E. E., & Confrey, J. (2017). Effects of a reform high school mathematics curriculum on student achievement: Whom does it benefit? *Journal of Curriculum Studies, 49*(2), 191–215. https://doi.org/10.1080/00220272.2015.1065911

Milou, E. (2020). The status quo is unacceptable. *Mathematics Teacher: Learning and Teaching PK-12, 113*(10), e51–e57. https://doi.org/10.5951/MTLT.2019.0059

Tarr, J. E., Grouws, D. A., Chávez, Ó., & Soria, V. M. (2013). The effects of content organization and curriculum implementation on students’ mathematics learning in second-year high school courses. *Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 44*(4), 683–729. https://doi.org/10.5951/jresematheduc.44.4.0683

Usiskin, Z. (2020). Then: The timing of Algebra 1. *Mathematics Teacher: Learning and Teaching PK-12, 113*(6), 524–526. https://doi.org/10.5951/MTLT.2019.0394

## Book Chapters

Allen-Fuller, K., Robinson, M., & Robinson, E. (2010). Curriculum as a change agent: High schools that rise to the challenge and what they stand to gain. In B. J. Reys, R. E. Reys, & R. Rubenstein (Eds.), Mathematics curriculum: Issues, trends, and future directions: Seventy-second yearbook (pp. 231–246). National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.

## Reports and White Papers

Burdman, P. (2013). Changing equations: How community colleges are re-thinking college readiness in math (p. 24). LearningWorks. http://www.learningworksca.org/changingequations/

Burdman, P. (2015a). Diversifying math requirements for college readiness and graduation (Degrees of Freedom, p. 30). Policy Analysis for California Education. https://www.edpolicyinca.org/publications/degrees-freedom-diversifying-math-requirements-college-readiness-and-graduation-report

Burdman, P. (2015b). Varying routes to math readiness and the challenge of intersegmental alignment (Degrees of Freedom, p. 32). Policy Analysis for California Education. https://www.edpolicyinca.org/publications/degrees-freedom-varying-routes-math-readiness-and-challenge-intersegmental-alignment

Burdman, P. (2015c). Probing math placement policies at california colleges and universities (Degrees of Freedom, p. 32). Policy Analysis for California Education. https://www.edpolicyinca.org/publications/degrees-freedom-probing-math-placement-policies-california-colleges-and-universities

Burdman, P. (2018a). Quantitative leap: How math policies can support transitions to and through college (p. 8). LearningWorks. http://www.learningworksca.org/quantitative-leap/

Burdman, P. (2018b). The mathematics of opportunity: Rethinking the role of math in educational equity (p. 32). Just Equations. https://justequations.org/resource/the-mathematics-of-opportunity-report/

Burdman, P., Booth, K., Thorn, C., Bahr, P. R., McNaughtan, J., & Jackson, G. (2018). Multiple Paths Forward: Diversifying Mathematics as a Strategy for College Success (p. 57). WestEd & Just Equations. https://justequations.org/resource/multiple-paths-forward-diversifying-math-pathways-as-a-strategy-for-student-success/

Daro, P. (2014). Oakland and San Francisco create course pathways through Common Core Mathematics (p. 10) [White paper]. Strategic Education Research Partnership (SERP). https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED564483

Daro, P., & Austurias, H. (2019). Branching out: Designing high school math pathways for equity (p. 28). Just Equations. https://justequations.org/resource/branching-out-designing-high-school-math-pathways-for-equity/

Finkelstein, N., Tiffany-Morales, J., & Shields, P. M. (2012). College bound in middle school and high school? How math course sequences matter (p. 52). The Center for the Future of Teaching and Learning at WestEd. https://www.wested.org/resources/college-bound-in-middle-school-and-high-school-how-math-course-sequences-matter/

Fitzpatrick, L., Kung, D., Ledoux, S., May, S., Smith Arrillaga, E., Chandler, J., O’Hara, M., Reyna, R., Cole, S., Young, J., Alberti, S., Briggs, A., Cordova-Cobo, D., McKenna, R., Wilson, H., Coe, T., & Gonzalez, V. (2022). Re-envisioning mathematics pathways to expand opportunities (p. 54). The Charles A. Dana Center at The University of Texas at Austin, Education Strategy Group, and Student Achievement Partners. https://edstrategy.org/resource/re-envisioning-mathematics-pathways-to-expand-opportunities/

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. (2019). Work to end tracking and offer four years of meaningful math instruction (A Case Study in Catalyzing Change in High School Mathematics, p. 2). National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. https://www.nctm.org/uploadedFiles/Standards_and_Positions/San-Francisco-Unified-School-District-Work-to-End-Tracking-and-Offer-Four-Years-of-Meaningful-Math-Instruction.pdf

## Position Papers

Association of State Supervisors of Mathematics. (2021). Detracking school mathematics to ensure equitable and empowering programs and opportunities (p. 9) [Position Statement]. Association of State Supervisors of Mathematics. https://assm.wildapricot.org/Position-Statements

MAA & NCTM. (2012). Calculus: A joint position statement of the Mathematical Association of America and the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (p. 2) [Position Statement]. Mathematical Association of America and National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. https://www.nctm.org/Standards-and-Positions/Position-Statements/Calculus/

## News Articles

Baker, M. (2022, October 31). Calculus is seen as a proxy for high-achieving students. That’s a problem. Chalkbeat. https://www.chalkbeat.org/2022/10/31/23427547/calculus-statistics-college-admissions

Sawchuk, S. (2018, June 13). A bold effort to end algebra tracking shows promise. Education Week. https://www.edweek.org/teaching-learning/a-bold-effort-to-end-algebra-tracking-shows-promise/2018/06

## Opinions and Editorials

Berry III, R. Q. (2019, December). Let’s talk about mathematics pathways. President’s Message. https://www.nctm.org/News-and-Calendar/Messages-from-the-President/Archive/Robert-Q_-Berry-III/Lets-Talk-About-Mathematics-Pathways/

Boaler, J., & Levitt, S. D. (2019, October 23). Opinion: Modern high school math should be about data science—Not Algebra 2. Los Angeles Times. https://www.latimes.com/opinion/story/2019-10-23/math-high-school-algebra-data-statistics

Larson, M. D. (2016, October 25). Bringing needed coherence and focus to high school mathematics. President’s Message. https://www.nctm.org/News-and-Calendar/Messages-from-the-President/Archive/Matt-Larson/Bringing-Needed-Coherence-and-Focus-to-High-School-Mathematics/

Leinwand, S. (2014, August 2). We reallly need to revise the 9-12 Common Core Math Standards. Steve Leinwand. http://steveleinwand.com/we-reallly-need-to-revise-the-9-12-common-core-math-standards/

Mathews, J. (2019, December 15). Algebra II just doesn’t add up when you figure how little it means to most students. Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/education/algebra-ii-just-doesnt-add-up-when-you-figure-how-little-it-means-to-most-students/2019/12/15/1fabc4e8-1c7f-11ea-8d58-5ac3600967a1_story.html

Rockmore, D. (2020, September 26). Should high schools teach data science instead of calculus? Salon. https://www.salon.com/2020/09/26/teaching-data-science-instead-of-calculus-high-schools-math-debate/